Before we identify the types of vascular disease, let us first define what this condition is. Vascular disease is caused by atherosclerosis or the hardening of the arteries. When this condition occurs, the blood flow is limited, causing your body to receive enough blood to circulate throughout the entire body.
Learn more about the types of vascular diseases:
- Stroke – this disease affects the arteries that are within and leading to the brain. It occurs when the blood supply to your brain is blocked. This can result to loss of brain function and brain cell death. It can also be caused by thrombosis or by a blood clot, blockage or embolism, and/or hemorrhage or bleeding. Blocked blood vessel means that it cannot carry enough amount oxygen and nutrients to the brain. The most common symptoms of stroke include the inability of a person to move parts of the body, eyesight problems, and difficulty with swallowing or speech.
- Aneurysm – this includes thoracic, renal, as well as abdominal aneurysms. Aneurysm is a bulge commonly seen in a section of the aorta. The aorta is a part of our body responsible for carrying blood from the heart all the way to the rest of our body parts. The section of the aorta that has aneurysm can be weak, overstretched, and can burst. If this happens, it can lead to serious bleeding that may quickly result to death. The exact cause of aneurysm is still unknown. The hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis is suspected to play an important role in being a cause of aneurysmal disease. The risk factors associated with this condition include, ageing, genetic factors, gender, obesity, and a lot more.
- Varicose veins – these are the gnarled and enlarged veins commonly seen in your feet and legs. This is due to the fact that your legs as well as feet are mostly affected when standing and walking upright. These activities increase the pressure in the veins of your lower body. Varicose veins can be treated by doing changes in one’s lifestyle along with different medical procedures. These treatments are provided to relieve the pain or further symptoms of varicose veins. They are also intended to avoid complications and to improve the veins’ appearance.
- Peripheral arterial disease – also known as PAD, this is a common circulatory condition wherein there is a narrowing in the peripheral arteries to the legs, stomach, arms, and head. These affected areas do not receive enough amount of blood flow in order to keep up with demand. Peripheral arterial disease is also a common sign of atherosclerosis or an extensive accumulation of fatty deposits in your arteries. This condition can reduce blood flow in your brain, heart, and legs.
- Pulmonary embolism – pulmonary embolism happens when there’s a blood clot or blockage in one or more lung arteries. This is a complication of deep vein thrombosis, also known as DVT. It can be life threatening and requires immediate treatment. Some of the symptoms of this condition include bloody cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, weak pulse, and lightheadedness.
- Venous blood clots – this condition blocks the blood flow through a vein or an artery. If the blood clot blocks your heart or brain’s artery and vein, you can have a heart attack or a stroke. Some of the causes of this condition are paralysis, prolonged bed rest, major surgery, cancer, family history, and injury.
To learn more about the types of vascular diseases, don’t hesitate to get in touch with Vascular and Interventional Centre. With their expertise in the industry, they can help you understand, cure, and manage vascular diseases. Visit their website for questions or to schedule a personalized appointment.